Slack’s new CEO seems to deliver stability after a turbulent interval


It’s not usually you see a longtime firm burn by three CEOs in lower than a yr. However by circumstances past its management, that’s what has occurred at Slack, the corporate Salesforce acquired in 2020 for $28 billion. In November, Slack launched Denise Dresser as the most recent particular person to occupy the nook workplace.

Dresser acknowledges it wasn’t simple to step into the function beneath these circumstances, however she is settling in. “You realize, like something, it’s at all times exhausting to step into any new firm and do it in a approach that’s swish, however I believe the staff gave me loads of teaching, and we actually noticed the imaginative and prescient collectively,” Dresser advised TechCrunch.

She grew up within the suburbs outdoors of Boston, was educated on the College of Massachusetts at Amherst the place she studied accounting and labored at Salesforce for the final dozen years in numerous govt roles.

Her predecessor, Lidiane Jones, was simply 10 months into the job when she introduced she was leaving to be CEO at Bumble, pushed by the attract of working a stand-alone public firm. Jones herself had changed firm co-founder Stewart Butterfield when he introduced that he was leaving on the finish of 2022.

It’s tough changing a founder-CEO as Jones did. It may very well be much more difficult to take over simply 10 months later for his successor, however some govt turnover is predicted within the years following an acquisition, says Arjun Bhatia, a William Blair analyst who follows Salesforce. “You desire a steady management staff, after all, and also you need somebody who’s specializing in it, however the CEO turnover we’ve seen is just not regarding at this level,” Bhatia advised TechCrunch. “If that turns into extra recurring, actually that view would possibly change, however I believe it’s a pure course after an acquisition like this for a corporation like Slack to search out its place contained in the Salesforce ecosystem.”

Dresser says that she’s merely constructing on what her predecessors did earlier than she acquired there, whereas bringing her personal persona to the job. “I ask plenty of questions, and I positively am an accountant at coronary heart,” she mentioned. “So I prefer to be organized and I’ll proceed that on, nevertheless it’s not prefer it’s a giant pull. I believe the inspiration is already there, and it’s an extremely well-run group.”

How has Slack fared at Huge CRM?

Once you have a look at the value that Salesforce paid to personal Slack, even giving some leeway for 2020 inventory costs and the over-exuberance of the interval, it nonetheless looks like a attain. The assumption on the time was that Slack may very well be the communication layer on prime of all of the enterprise software program that Salesforce sells. It’s nonetheless the hope, in actual fact, however income development has slowed dramatically at Slack since its acquisition.

We don’t have actual income numbers as a result of Salesforce stopped reporting them final spring, nevertheless it does share the share of development from the prior yr. Development has slowed considerably from 46% YoY in Q32023 to simply 16% in Q42024. For probably the most half, the pattern has been down — and it’s as much as Dresser to show that round.

Salesforce slide from Q42024 earnings report presentation showing Slack growth dropping from 46% to 33% to 20% to 16% to 18% and back to 15% from Q32023 to Q42024.

Picture Credit: Salesforce

Slack may change this pattern by discovering new enterprise alternatives and conserving present clients joyful whereas on the identical time not being so intently tied to Salesforce that it loses clients who aren’t Salesforce-centric.

Dresser could also be caught between these seemingly conflicting necessities, says Brent Leary, principal analyst at CRM Necessities. He, too, has been monitoring Salesforce since its earliest days. “She’s acquired to have the ability to determine what the appropriate steadiness is between Slack as a standalone model that continues to draw non-Salesforce clients, whereas enabling Salesforce clients to make use of Slack all over the place throughout the platform they should collaborate,” Leary mentioned.

However Dresser doesn’t suppose it’s all that difficult. “I don’t know if I believe it’s that robust. I believe it was the unique imaginative and prescient when the 2 firms got here collectively,” she mentioned. “I believe there’s an actual recognition that there’s one thing very particular right here that we need to nurture and proceed. And I believe that’s been a fairly constant theme from the very starting.”

The potential of generative AI

One large change she must handle has been the event of generative AI in software program, in Slack and throughout the Salesforce household of merchandise. Dresser says that AI is a pure match for Slack as a result of as a communications platform with a lot of embedded data, it’ll assist customers harness, perceive and discover data nuggets within the mass of knowledge.

“When you concentrate on it from a higher-level perspective, Slack has a lot of the world’s conversations occurring in unstructured knowledge,” she mentioned. “After which you concentrate on Salesforce having this unbelievable set of buyer knowledge, among the world’s most valued knowledge. The chance to deliver structured and unstructured knowledge into Slack and combine these actually creates this highly effective platform for the longer term.”

All of that relies upon, after all, on execution: You’ll be able to’t simply sprinkle AI fairy mud on a product and hope it’s going to work. However Dresser claims that AI helped her stand up to hurry in her new place rather more shortly than would have been potential with out with the ability to entry summaries of lengthy product threads. Summarization is a giant promoting level for generative AI, and utilizing it to avoid wasting time understanding lengthy conversational threads may very well be a giant use case. However once more, it is determined by the standard of the summaries.

One other large problem Dresser faces is the right way to compete with Microsoft, which brings Groups to the desk mixed with Workplace 365, Dynamics 365, and AI within the type of Microsoft Copilot rolled out throughout the platform, says J. P. Gownder, an analyst at Forrester Analysis. “It’s logical for Slack to attempt to develop its person base by integrating Salesforce extra intently, nevertheless it have to be cautious to not alienate present clients, who’re tremendously loyal to what’s supplied at the moment. Within the meantime, Microsoft Groups is a behemoth that has an opportunity to seize much more minutes through Copilot,” Gownder advised TechCrunch.

However Bhatia factors out that Microsoft nonetheless works finest contained in the Microsoft ecosystem, and Slack could have a bonus in that regard. “Microsoft doesn’t have that interoperability play as a lot. Their benefit by far is distribution. And two large benefits that Slack has of their market are interoperability and ease of use,” he mentioned.

Yet another diploma of issue for Dresser is that the remaining Slack co-founder, CTO Cal Henderson, left on the starting of March, changed by none apart from Salesforce co-founder and CTO Parker Harris. Regardless that Harris brings a protracted historical past of constructing Salesforce, Slack is shedding an individual who has a deep understanding of Slack’s technical underpinnings.

Dresser actually understands that she faces these challenges forward, that she must win over workers and clients and discover a approach to hold Slack rising and important contained in the huge Salesforce ecosystem. However she says her function is basically about making human connections, and the remaining will work itself out.

“I attempt to simply assist folks perceive that I’m right here as a result of I’m deeply, deeply captivated with what we will do for the world, for our customers, and our workers as effectively at Slack and the broader Salesforce — and I wouldn’t be right here if I wasn’t.”